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What Are the Different Types of Educational Institutions?

What Are the Different Types of Educational Institutions?

For those of you interested in furthering your education, you are probably wondering what are the different types of educational institutions? You are no doubt familiar with the educational institutions that you attended growing up. These institutions include any elementary, middle, or high school that you attended, and represent primary and secondary educational institutions. There are a few more options for those who wish to acquire a degree.

The main types of educational institutions are primary and secondary schools,  public and private institutions, ivy league schools, technical schools, liberal arts colleges, and community colleges. They each offer their unique pros and cons, which will be discussed in this guide in detail.

Primary and Secondary Educational Institutions

Primary and Secondary Educational Institutions


Primary and secondary educational institutions consist of all adolescent educational facilities, like elementary schools, middle schools, and high schools. Generally, you are required by law to have attended both primary and secondary schools. Although it is possible to encounter someone who has never attended these types of educational institutions, it is rare.

These are often the two types of educational institutions that people are most familiar with. There are both public and private primary and secondary educational institutions available.

Public Higher Learning Educational Institutions

Public higher learning educational institutions consist of state universities where people are encouraged to apply to further their education. Unlike primary and secondary educational institutions, admission is application-based and determined by a variety of factors.

These types of educational institutions are typically state-funded and overseen by board members who ensure that the university is being properly managed. One of the biggest advantages of a public higher learning educational institution over a private one, is the amount of tuition you have to pay will be far less should you attend a public university. Public higher learning educational institutions are among the most popular type that you will encounter.

Private Higher Learning Educational Institutions

These types of educational institutions are generally funded by donations. They are highly exclusive and often charge extremely high tuition rates. You can expect to pay tuition that is nearly double that of what you would pay at a typical four-year public university.

That being said, there are some major advantages to private higher learning education institutions. Private universities often offer students smaller, more intimate learning settings, as the rejection rate for private institutions is much higher than that of public ones.

Another major advantage is the prestige that comes with attending a private school. Being accepted into a highly exclusive institution will help you stand out when you are trying to find a job after college.

Ivy League Educational Institutions

These types of educational institutions are regarded as the most prestigious in the United States. These schools have an extremely rigid and selective application process. The rejection rate when applying to these schools is even higher than that of typical private universities.

Some of the most famous universities in the world are Ivy League schools. These include Yale, Columbia, Dartmouth, and most famously Harvard. There is no doubt that if you are considering higher education you have heard of some of the Ivy League universities.

You can expect tuition to an Ivy League educational institution to be quite expensive, sometimes reaching as much as four or five times as much as a standard public university. Rest assured the money will be well worth it if you can get accepted into one of the schools.

Community Colleges

Community Colleges

Community colleges are another type of educational institution that you can consider if you are looking to further your education. Community colleges offer two-year degrees called Associates Degrees. You can use an Associated Degree just like you would a bachelor’s degree. Tuitions for community colleges are cheaper than those typically encountered when applying for public state universities, making it a great choice for those who wish to save some money on their education.

You can also use the college credits that you earn at a community college to transfer into a four-year degree. This makes community college overall the best option for those who wish the pursue higher education. With the option to purchase cheaper classes that will transfer to your four-year university, you could wind up saving a good bit of money on your education.

Technical Educational Institutions

This type of educational institution is centered around the study of science and engineering. Before applying to any technical educational institution, you should make sure that you are proficient in the subjects of math and science.

Technical schools often offer faster paths to degrees, as they are typically very hands-on, allowing students to learn relevant skills quickly. Most technical schools offer a program that can have you a degree in two years, while four-year options are also available.

This type of educational institution is not for everyone, only those who are skilled in math or science and wish to pursue a technical career using those skills. Tuition is generally much cheaper for a technical school. The acceptance rates are also quite favorable.

Liberal Arts Educational Institutions

These types of educational institutions put a focus on arts and humanities, offering degrees relevant to those skills and interests. Those who wish to pursue a career in art or music should consider attending a liberal arts institution.

You can expect tuition to hover around the average of state public and private universities. Acceptance rates are generally favorable, depending on the applicant’s grades. Some of the most popular liberal arts educational institutions in the United States are Pomona, Amherst, and Julliard.

What Is the Best Type of Educational Institution?

What Is the Best Type of Educational Institution?

Discounting both primary and secondary institutions, you might be wondering which of the above higher learning educational institutions is best for you? This all depends on a variety of factors including your area of study, finances, available free time, and more.

For those who wish to have the option to pursue a four-year degree in the future, while also saving money on classes, a community college could be a great choice for you. An associate’s degree can help you get a job and offers certification of completion in as little as two years.

If you find that you wish to have the full university experience, including staying on campus and participating in large university events, a public or private higher learning educational institution is right for you. These include both public and private state universities.

Those highly skilled with technology, math and science will find that they have the most successful education attending a technical school. Technical schools are focused on building up math and science skills using hands-on methods that can help get people jobs after school faster.

If you are passionate about art or social sciences, then a liberal arts educational institution is right for you. There you can pursue a career that is focused on the arts. Attending a liberal arts school can help give your work more exposure and propel your career to where you want it to be after college.

Finally, if you are lucky enough to have been accepted into an Ivy League school, it is highly advised that you attend. These types of universities only accept the best of the best. With the prestige that comes with a degree from an Ivy League university, you will not have any trouble proving your credentials with potential employers after college.

Keep in mind all the information in the guide when deciding which type of educational institution is right for you.

Final Thoughts

Once you move passed primary and secondary educational institutions, you will have many options for pursuing higher education. The type of educational institution that you choose to attend can affect the types of jobs you get and your overall educational experience. If one of the educational institutions above has piqued your interest, search for those types of schools around you and consider applying.

While most will find that going to a standard four-year university serves them very well, there are plenty of other types of education institutions out there to meet any specific needs you may have.

Whether you choose to start at a community college or dive right into a four-year university, you should be proud that you are interested in furthering your education. Obtaining a college degree can be a life-changing achievement. With this guide, you now have all the information that you need to make a smart, informed choice when picking what type of educational institution is right for you.

It is never too late to start your journey to higher education. If this guide has inspired you to look more into college, then consider doing some research on state universities and community colleges in your area.

If tuition is an issue, there are several financial aid options offered by most universities to ensure that all of those in pursuit of knowledge have reasonable access to it. The process of earning a degree is a long and sometimes grueling one, so picking the right educational institution is important to your overall college success.

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Written by Moneywise Teacher Staff

This post was written by an awesome member of the Moneywise Teacher writing staff!

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